Flows of international migration are needed in the Asia-Pacific region to understand the patterns and corresponding effects on demographic, social, and economic change across sending and receiving countries.

FREMONT, CA: Asians have moved between countries in greater numbers during the past ten years, and there has also been an increase in the complexity and lack of discrimination in mobility patterns. The causes driving this growth in the movement are attributed to globalisation, higher levels of education, the expansion of international media, better transportation infrastructure, and the globalization of the labour and commercial markets. Two factors, in particular, have had a significant impact. The emergence of new social networking sites is the first. The majority of Asian immigrants abroad settle in areas where they have existing social networks in the form of friends or family.

In addition to supporting and encouraging migration, these networks also assist immigrants in adjusting to the new environment. The increasing number of Asians who reside abroad serve as anchors in a network of links that are promoting migration worldwide. The second is the enormous migration business, which includes people like immigration authorities, recruiters, travel agencies, and migration agents. These people establish chains that connect Asian communities with outside countries and are essential components of the movement system. In the past ten years, both the mobility of people within and between Asian countries as well as the migration of people into the Asian region from outside the region have expanded exponentially.

Individuals migrate internationally for a variety of reasons. These include desires for education and the development of human capital, looking for work or better working conditions, reuniting with family, or seeking out new experiences and alternative lifestyles for those who are capable of acting independently and making their own decisions. A person without agency may flee persecution, damage, or extremely challenging economic or environmental conditions.

It is believed that temporary and unauthorised migration levels have significantly grown throughout the Asia-Pacific region, making it even more challenging to identify migrants for data gathering. For instance, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD 2019) discovered that temporary migrants' average length of stay in this region is five years, which prompted them to urgently demand greater research on this rapidly expanding human migration around the region.

Many nations rely on data sources that are less reliable (like surveys) or rare over time (like population censuses) to monitor migration or migrant populations. Despite being simpler and more affordable to use, virtually all surveys are insufficient for gathering the information required to analyse migration movements due to their generally small sample sizes and the fact that international migration is an unlikely occurrence. Only occasionally are censuses conducted, and they often can only account for immigration by asking respondents where they lived one or five years prior. Emigrants are typically not included in census counts because they are no longer part of the target population. While neither surveys nor censuses are appropriate for measuring flows, they can be used to learn more about immigrant communities and their characteristics if they account for a sizable fraction of the population and can be located in the country.